SEC Adopts Mandatory XBRL Requirement
December 22, 2008
The SEC recently adopted final rules that will require companies to provide financial statement information to the SEC in an interactive data format using eXtensible Business Reporting Language (“XBRL”). Subject to a three-year phase-in, the XBRL data will need to be provided as an exhibit to registration statements, annual reports on Form 10-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q (as well as Form 8-Ks that contain updated or revised versions of financial statements that appeared in a periodic report). The XBRL data will supplement, but not replace or change, disclosure using traditional EDGAR electronic filing formats.
What is XBRL?
XBRL is a technology that relies upon the input of data tags to identify and describe information in a company’s financial statements. The information can then be searched, downloaded into spreadsheets or reorganized for analytical purposes. XBRL also allows financial statements in foreign languages to be translated into English.
The SEC expects that the use of XBRL will facilitate the comparison of financial and business performance across companies, reporting periods and industries; assist in automating regulatory filings and business information processing; and increase the speed, accuracy and usability of financial disclosure.
What will companies need to do in order to meet this new requirement?
In order to convert its financial statement information to XBRL for purposes of the SEC’s requirements, a company may either:
Whichever approach a company chooses, the preparation of a company’s first set of XBRL financial statements will likely be very time and labor intensive because each financial statement item must be defined, or “tagged.” Companies may wish to create an “XBRL team” with representatives from accounting, information technology and management to conduct this project. While the technology team members are best positioned to handle the mechanics of tagging, accounting personnel should review all of the tagging and confirm that it is correct. The preparation of subsequent sets of XBRL financial statements, while still time intensive, is typically less onerous because companies generally will be able to utilize the data tags put in place for a previous set of financial statements.
Three-Year Phase-In Period Beginning after June 15, 2009.
The final rules have not yet been published, but based on the staff's oral statements and the SEC's press release, the XBRL requirement is subject to a three-year phase-in period as follows:
Companies are also required to post the XBRL data on their public websites at the same time the data is provided to the SEC (although a 30-day grace period is allowed with respect to the first XBRL submission). Companies that do not post or furnish the XBRL data as required will not be deemed current in their Exchange Act reports for purposes of Form S-3 eligibility or Rule 144’s current public information requirement. The XBRL data must remain on the company’s website for 12 months.
Exclusion from Certifications
As was proposed, the XBRL data will be excluded from the scope of the officer certifications provided in connection with the periodic report. Companies will also not be required to obtain auditor assurance on their XBRL exhibits.
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If you have any questions about the matters covered in this newsflash, please contact any of the lawyers listed below or your regular Davis Polk contact.
Joseph Hall, Partner
Michael Kaplan, Partner
Janice Brunner, Associate